Global Health Research
Breast Cancer Early Detection at Community Health Centers in China
(R03, PI: Grace Ma, PhD; Site Co-I: Lihong Yin, PhD, funded by Fogarty International Center, NIH)
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Chinese women and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death among Chinese females. In the past two decades, there has been an ever-increasing incidence of breast cancer in both urban and rural areas in China, resulting in a great social and economic burden. Prevention has been proved to be one of the most important ways to control disease burden. However, because of the national condition, currently the prevention of breast cancer in China is far away from being satisfactory or effective.
We developed a culturally tailored behavioral intervention and conducted a pilot trial to increase breast cancer screening among Chinese women in China. The purpose is to establish evidence of success of the community health center-based intervention model in improving breast cancer early detection.
Psychosocial Behavior Intervention to Improve Quality of Life among Chinese Breast Cancer Survivors
(PI: Grace Ma, PhD, funded by faculty research funds)
Prior work identified positive consequences following diagnosis and treatment, including benefit finding among breast cancer survivors from Western countries. This study assesses psychosocial correlates of benefit finding in breast cancer survivors in China. Breast cancer survivors participate in measures of coping, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, social support, and benefit finding. One of the findings indicated that benefit finding was positively related to active coping and negatively related to depression. Ongoing research evaluates whether interventions to enhance active coping will improve outcomes among Chinese breast cancer survivors.
Wen, KY., Ma, XS., Fang, C., Song Y., Y., Tan, Y., Seals, B., Ma, GX. (2016) Psychosocial correlates of benefit-finding in breast cancer survivors in China. Journal of Health Psychology 2016 Mar 23. pii: 1359105316637839
Workplace-Based Breast Cancer Screening Intervention in China
(PI: Grace Ma, PhD; Site co-I: Lihong Yin, PhD)
The primary objective of this study is to examine the impact of a workplace intervention on increasing breast cancer screening behavior. The study was implemented at 8 worksites in Nanjing, four of which were assigned to the intervention group and four to the control group. Study measures were completed at pre- and post intervention and at 6-month follow-up to assess uptake of mammography. Findings provide significant evidence that the implementation of a comprehensive workplace breast cancer screening intervention program in China can lead to increased uptake of mammography. These data may help facilitate the development of theory-based workplace cancer prevention programs and screening guidelines in China. This workplace-based multifaceted intervention could have a strong impact in breast cancer prevention and early detection among women in China.
Ma, G. X., Yin, L. H., Gao, W., Tan, Y., Liu, R., Fang, C. Y., & Ma, X. S. (2012). Workplace-Based Breast Cancer Screening Intervention in China. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, & Prevention 21(2); 358–67.
Smoking Cessation and Cancer Prevention in China
(PI: Grace Ma, PhD; Site Co-I: Ya-Jia Lan,PhD; Site co-I: Zhai, CK, MD, funded by PA Department of Health)
Xie,Y., Ma, G. X., Lan, Y., Zhou, D., Shive, S., Luo., Zhong, F. (2008). Evaluation on effects on the interference in changing workers’ smoking related intention in workplaces in Chengdu. Modern Preventive Medicine. 35(3):517-519
Ma, G. X., Lan, Y. J., Toubbeh, M. I., & Zhai, C. K. (2004). Tobacco use in China: Prevalence, consequences and control. California Journal of Health Promotion. 2(1): 107-119.